The Organization of Healthcare Educators (OHE) is a non-profit professional organization committed to providing leadership, professional support and development in all areas of healthcare education

We are committed to:
. Management education and leadership training.
. Training and career development.
. Continuing education and staff development.
. Patient and Community education.





Section 1.1 Name
The name of this organization shall be the Organization of Healthcare Educators, Inc., herein referred to as OHE, an affiliate of the National Nursing Staff Development Organization, herinafter referred to as NNSDO.


Section 2.1 Philosophy
Education is a systematic process involving the responsibility and commitment of all members of the OHE for optimizing healthcare delivery in a cost effective manner. The sharing of resources by professional educators contributes to the improvement of healthcare education in the greater Los Angeles area. Excellence in healthcare is enhanced by the ability of educators and education managers to carry out three  primary functions:
a.    To plan and implement learning experiences which are goal‑directed and have measurable outcomes;
b.    To manage their services in ways which promote professional accountability;
c.     To act as an NNSDO Affiliate for and in support of all educators in healthcare and           
        academic settings within the greater Los Angeles area.

Section 2.2 Purpose
The purpose of OHE is to:
a.      Promote understanding of current healthcare issues;
b.      Provide experience for members which supports excellence in teaching, interpersonal and managerial skills;
c.      Facilitate interaction among healthcare educators;
d.      Provide leadership in all areas of healthcare education through
                 1.  Continuing education
                 2.  Training and career development of healthcare personnel
                 3.  Patient and community education
                 4.  Employee wellness and health promotion, and
                 5.  Management and organizational development.
e.      Support and implement the objectives and the membership of NNSDO at the affiliate level.


The management of OHE shall be entrusted to the Board of Directors which shall have and exercise all powers necessary to control activities of the Corporation.


Section 4.1 Board of Directors
There shall be a Board of Directors consisting of the elected officers and appointed directors of OHE as defined in Article VI of these By‑laws.  The appointed directors shall number no more than five (5) and may include members‑at‑large, chairpersons of standing committees and chapter liaisons with voting privileges.  The President may appoint up to five (5) directors with the approval of the Board of Directors.  Appointed directors serve at the discretion of the Board of Directors. The terms and conditions of appointment shall not exceed those of officers.

Section 4.2 Regular Meetings of the Board of Directors
The Board of Directors shall meet as often as deemed necessary and no less than five times per calendar year. One week prior to the meeting each Board member shall receive minutes from the previous Board meetings, an agenda and other pertinent information.  Attendance at Board of Directors', regular and special meetings and programs shall be mandatory.  A report and/or notice of non-attendance shall be given to the president prior to the meeting or program.

Section 4.3 Special Meetings of the Board of Directors
Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called at any time by the president upon written request of any Board member.  All Board Members shall receive notice of such special meetings at least four days prior to the meeting.
Section 4.4 Vacancies
The procedure for dismissal of a Board officer whether elected or filled from a vacancy will be as follows:
a. If a Board member is negligent in the performance of duties or has missed two consecutive Board meetings without complying with Article IV, Section 2, any Board member may make a motion for dismissal.
b. The dismissal rules are as follows:
1. A majority vote of the board is needed to approve the dismissal.
2. A certified letter shall be sent to the Board member by the president within 48 hours after the Board decision requesting the Board member's resignation.
3. If there is no response by the next scheduled Board meeting, a certified letter of dismissal shall be sent to the Board member by the president within 48 hours after the Board meeting.
4. All materials held by the dismissed Board member shall be returned to the Board within 15 days from receipt of the dismissal letter.
5. Vacancies shall be filled as described in Article VI, Section 3.

Section 4.5 Board Actions
Should matters arise on which immediate decisions must be made and there is not sufficient time to call a special meeting of the Board, the President shall attempt to contact each member of the Board, state the problem and receive an opinion upon which to base a decision.  Records of these calls shall be retained as an addendum to the minutes of the Board. The President shall report on Board actions at the next business meeting or by special mailing if deemed necessary by the Board.

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The OHE Board of Directors shall:
a.     Manage the business of OHE and control its property;
b.     Recommend to the membership policies governing affairs of OHE;
c.     Provide for proper care of all records, materials, and equipment of OHE;
d.     Select a depository for funds;
e.     Authorize special committees deemed necessary or advantageous;
f.     Appoint all special and standing committees not otherwise provided for in these By‑laws;
g.     Fill any vacancy on the Board of Directors except a vacancy occurring in the office of president‑elect;
h.     Recommend to the membership the amount of dues that should be paid by members;
I.     Hold meetings as herein designated;
j.     Provide for reimbursing necessary expenses incurred by officers, committees and individuals in for OHE;
m.     Provide a mechanism for meeting goals and objectives of the business plan on a yearly basis;
n.     Publish an annual report citing goals and achievements;
o.     Authorize enforcement of these By‑laws and solve all administrative problems.


Section 6.1 Officers
The elected officers of OHE shall be President, President‑Elect, Vice‑President ‑ Membership, Vice‑President ‑ Programs, Secretary, Treasurer, and Immediate Past President (Ex‑Officio).

Section 6.2 Election
Officers shall be elected annually in October in the manner described in these By‑laws.

Section 6.3 Vacancies
Vacancies in the office of president‑elect shall be filled by special election.  All other officer vacancies shall be filled by Board appointment until the next election at which time a person shall be elected to complete the un-expired term.


Section 6.4 Term of Office
The new Board shall take office at the Installation in January and shall hold office for one year. 


Section 7.1 Officers
Officers shall perform duties specified in these By‑laws, enumerated in job descriptions and designated by OHE's Board of Directors.

Section 7.2 President
The President shall be chairperson of OHE's Board of Directors and shall conduct meetings by a formal order of business.  The President shall be an ex‑officio member of all committees with the exception of the Committee on Nominations.  The President shall deliver a report annually and perform all other duties of the office. The President shall be a member of NNSDO. The Immediate Past‑President shall participate as an ex‑officio Board of Directors member, with voting privileges.

Section 7.3 President-Elect
The President‑Elect shall assume duties of the president in any absence, shall be historian of OHE and shall be chair of the Committee on Nominations.

Section 7.4 Vice-President-Membership
The Vice‑President ‑ Membership shall prepare and mail membership applications for new and renewal memberships in the organization annually, and as requested;  distribute membership cards for OHE. The Vice‑President ‑ Membership shall maintain a current roster of membership which shall include the name, title, place of employment, home and work address and phone numbers of each member.  This list shall be published annually as a directory and distributed to all members. The Vice‑President‑Membership shall update the membership roster regularly for the Board of Directors.  The Vice‑President ‑ Membership shall recommend strategies to the Board of Directors for increasing the membership.

Section 7.5 Vice-President-Programs
The Vice‑President ‑ Programs shall expedite and manage all programs, including the identification  of program topics,  speakers, locations, and formats;  develop needs analysis; prepare program flyers, mailing and distribution;  conduct program registration; and provide continuing education certificates, honorariums and any other requirements as needed for the  provision of programs.  The Vice‑President ‑Programs shall maintain all continuing education records, including Board of Registered Nursing provider number documentation and recording requirements. 

Section 7.6 Secretary
The Secretary shall take minutes of all proceedings of the Board of Directors and regular meetings of OHE.  The Secretary shall archive a current roster of membership which shall include the name, title, place of employment, home and work address and phone numbers of each member.  The Secretary shall make available a copy of business meeting minutes to any member of the Organization as requested.

Section 7.7 Treasurer
The Treasurer shall receive and deposit all funds of OHE in a bank designated by the OHE's Board of Directors.  At the direction of the Board, the Treasurer shall invest specifically designated funds of OHE. The Treasurer shall give a financial report at regular meetings of the Board of Directors and the membership.  A written report shall be presented at the annual meeting in January. The Treasurer shall coordinate the budget process.  The Treasurer or designee shall sign all checks and drafts drawn upon the bank account of OHE.  The Treasurer shall provide information to an authorized accountant for the  purpose of filing state and federal tax returns.

Section 7.8 Immediate Past President
The Immediate Past President shall act as parliamentarian and shall be chair of the By-laws Committee.


Section 8.1 Composition
OHE shall be composed of  individuals who are:
a.     Engaged in education, training, and development of healthcare personnel or patients and               community, and who are regularly employed by or associated with an organization whose purpose is the delivery of healthcare;
b.    Engaged in education, training and development of healthcare personnel and consumers, and who are regularly employed by or associated with organizations funded by legislative mandate, health‑related educational trusts, and persons carrying on such functions in hospital associations, other industries, healthcare professional associations, or consultants to the healthcare industry;
c.    Faculty members and students in educational institutions whose primary emphasis is in education, training, and development of healthcare personnel.

Section 8.2 Responsibilities
Members shall pay dues, may serve on committees, shall have access to all business, Board, and all OHE activities' minutes, be eligible to hold office in OHE, attend meetings and workshops open to the membership, and vote for officers, By‑laws and Amendment revisions/additions and any other matters herein provided, except as described in Section 8.5.  Membership is non-transferable.

Section 8.3 Non-Discrimination
Membership in OHE shall not be denied on the basis of sex, race, age, religious creed, color, marital status, national origin, geographical boundaries, professional licensure or other professional organization affiliations.

Section 8.4   Membership Year
The OHE membership year is from January to December.

Section 8.5 Types of Membership
1. Regular Membership
a.  An individual who has met the qualifications described in Section 8.1 and has paid dues.
2. Student Membership
a.  Student: An individual enrolled in an academic program related to any of the healthcare disciplines who are interested in healthcare education.
b.   Questions regarding eligibility for membership shall be resolved by the Board.  Student  members are not entitled to hold an elective office but may serve on standing or special committees and may vote.

Section 8.6 Organization Membership
Organizations may designate up to three (3) employees as regular members with current membership status.  Additional employees may be designated as members for a reduced fee to be determined by the Board.

Section 8.7 Establishment of Membership
Membership in the OHE shall become effective upon receipt of a formal application and payment of membership dues.

Section 8.8 Termination
a.     Termination.  The Executive Board reserves the right to ask any member to resign for cause, failure to pay dues or non-compliance with OHE and /or NNSDO Bylaws, rules or regulations.
b.    Loss of eligibility.  Anyone no longer meeting the criteria for membership in OHE shall lose their membership at the end of the term for which dues have been paid.

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Section 9.1 Dues
Dues for membership shall cover the year from the first of January through the thirty‑first of December.  The full amount of dues shall be payable to OHE at the time of application and by January first thereafter. Changes in the dues structure or rates shall be determined by the Board

Section 9.2 Nonpayment of Dues
Nonpayment of dues within 90 days after the due date shall result in forfeiture of all membership rights.


Section 10.1 Annual Meeting
OHE shall hold an annual business meeting at the annual Installation meeting or at a date, time and place as determined by the Board.

Section 10.2 Other Meetings
Other programs or meetings shall be scheduled as deemed necessary or appropriate by the Board.


Section 11.1 Meeting Quorum
Two officers, one of whom shall be the President or President‑Elect of OHE, plus a simple majority of the total number of members present shall constitute a quorum at any regular or special meeting of OHE.  All changes in structure, organization, or function including these By‑laws of OHE shall be mailed with a ballot to the membership.  A simple majority of the ballots received shall be required for adoption.

Section 11.2 Voting Quorum
A simple majority of the Board of Directors, one of whom shall be the President or President‑Elect, shall constitute a quorum at any meeting, regular or special, of the Board of Directors.


Section 12.1 Standing Committees
Standing and ad hoc committees shall be composed of members of OHE and shall assume such duties as assigned by the Board of Directors and as specified by these By‑laws.  Reports from standing committees shall be given at Board meetings as deemed necessary by the Board.  A summary of the year's activities shall be written and presented to the Board at the annual meeting by each standing committee chairperson.
OHE’s Board of Directors has the authority to advise and consent to all committee functions with the exception of the Nominating Committee.

Section 12.2 Nominating Committee
The Committee on Nominations shall be composed of a minimum of three members.  The president‑elect will act as chairperson of the Committee. The Committee shall perform those duties as described in Article XIII of these By‑laws.


Section 13.1 Nominating Committee
The Committee on Nominations, comprised of regular members of OHE, shall nominate candidates and announce nominations during the third quarter of each year.  Additional nominations may be accepted at that time.  Ballots shall be mailed or sent electronically to members in October and must be returned three weeks later.
Section 13.2 Nominating Committee Function
The Committee on Nominations shall verify that the candidate meets the criteria for office.  Following verification, the committee shall contact each nominee for verbal consent to run for office and request a professional vitae for each nominee.

Section 13.3 Single Slate Ballot
The Committee on Nominations may not place the name of any person on the ballot for more than one position.

Section 13.4 Election Tallying
If the name of a member of the Committee on Nominations is a candidate on the ballot of OHE, the said member shall not participate in the official ballot counting.

                 ARTICLE XIV ELECTIONS

Section 14.1 Term
The term of office for all officers and Board of Directors shall be one year.

Section 14.2 Commencement of Term
The terms for office of all elected officers shall commence from the formal installation of officers in January and shall terminate at the formal installation of the newly elected officers to those offices.

Section 14.3 Vacancies
The terms of office for all officers filling a vacancy shall commence at the first Board of Directors_ meeting following their acceptance of the office and shall terminate at the formal installation of newly elected officers to those offices.

Section 14.4 Ballot
The elections shall be determined by a written mailed ballot or electronic ballot as described in Article XIII, Section 1.

Section 14.5 Voting
Each member of OHE at the time of presentation of the ballot is entitled to one vote for the election of each officer.

Section 14.6 Election Procedure
All ballots shall be returned directly to the chairperson of the Committee on Nominations.  The Committee on Nominations shall be responsible for the actual count of the votes cast and for the preparation of a written report to the President of OHE.  The actual counting of votes shall be done at a meeting of the Committee with at least two eligible members present as described in Article XIII, Section 4. The report and counting of votes shall be kept confidential until it is made public by the President of OHE.  The chairperson of the Committee on Nominations shall keep the ballots until the next Board Meeting.

Section 14.7 Election Reporting
The President of OHE shall inform the Board of the results of the elections as well as the nominees whose names appeared on the ballot.  At the first Board meeting after January 1st, both the incoming and outgoing officers shall be present.

Section 14.8 
A plurality of votes cast by members voting for the respective offices shall constitute an election.  In case of a tie, new ballots shall be mailed to all voting members and are to be returned within ten days.

Section 14.9 Term Limits
No member shall serve more than three consecutive terms in the same office.  When a vacancy in an office has been filled as described in Article VI, Section 3, making the term of office less than three years, that officer may run for that same office in the next two elections.


Section 15.1 Formation
Those groups which represent a special interest may organize for the purpose of providing and sharing information specifically related to an area of specialization.

Section 15.2 Structure
Interest groups may elect a chairperson and other officers as appropriate and shall comply with policies as set forth by the Board.

Section 15.3 Membership
Members of Interest Groups shall be members of OHE.  An Interest Group shall maintain a minimum of three active members and be officially recognized by the Board.

Section 15.4 Regulation
Interest Groups shall abide by the By‑laws governing OHE.


The rules contained in  Robert's Rules of Order, Revised  shall govern meetings of OHE in all cases to which they are applicable and in which they are not inconsistent with these By‑laws.


In the event that OHE dissolves or merges with another group, the entire membership shall be notified at least one month prior to the next regularly scheduled meeting, at which time a two thirds majority vote of the membership shall be  required to accept the proposed merger or dissolution.  OHE's Board of Directors, by a majority decision, shall determine the disposition of funds and property of OHE.


Section 18.1 Regular Review
The Board of Directors shall appoint a committee for the purpose of reviewing these By‑laws in September at least every third year or more frequently as needed to comply with NNSDO Bylaws.  The immediate past president shall chair  the By‑laws Committee.  Amendments to the By‑laws shall be proposed by petition of at least ten regular members of OHE.  Amendments so proposed shall be filed with the secretary by September 6th.

Section 18.2 Membership Distribution
Following review by the Board, copies of the printed revision shall be mailed to the membership for review and vote.

Section 18.3 Membership Vote
Voting on proposed amendments shall be conducted by mail.  Passage shall require an affirmative vote from a simple majority of the regular members returning a valid mail ballot before the voting deadline.

Section 18.4 Effective
Amendments to the By‑laws that are approved by the membership shall become effective on January 1.


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